Tribal Directory Locations: North Carolina

<p>North Carolina has an intriguing Native American history. The original inhabitants included the Cherokee, Creek, Catawba, Tutelo, Tuscarora, and Croatan tribes. However, the Catawba tribe controlled most of the land and, therefore, several trading networks because of the numerous rivers that ran through their territory. The Catawba peoples were known for their intricate baskets, bowls, and mats they made and traded with other tribes and, later, European settlers. Although most tribes in North Carolina cultivated similar foods (corn, beans, gourds, squash, and vegetables), in the Catawba tribe, it was the men who farmed, not the women. Natives in North Carolina constructed shelters made from wood and reeds, using wooden poles for the houses’ frames. Also, most tribes practiced a sedentary lifestyle because of the extensive trade network the rivers offered. Today, there is one federally recognized tribe in North Carolina, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians: Qualla Boundary. </p>

Haliwa-Saponi Tribe

Guilford Native American Association

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (Federally Recognized)

Cumberland County Association for Indian People (State Recognized)

Coharie Intra-Tribal Council

Waccamaw-Siouan Tribe

Southern Band Tuscarora Indian Tribe

Sappony

Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation

Metrolina Native American Association, Inc.